Jenna Jameson Diagnosed with Rare and Serious Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Jenna Jameson was diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome in August 2018, reports People magazine.

Jenna Jameson Diagnosed with Rare and Serious Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Jenna Jameson Diagnosed with Rare and Serious Guillain-Barré Syndrome

According to the Mayo Clinic , Guillain-Barré syndrome is a very rare and serious condition that affects the nerves. It mainly affects the disorder that causes your immune system to attack your peripheral nervous system...See more threadshealth information

Guillain-Barré syndrome - rare disease

Jenna Jameson diagnosed with rare, serious Guillain-Barré syndrome. The condition affects her nervous system. In a statement, her doctors revealed that she is being treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) after suffering from acute flaccid myelitis — or AFM — which is also referred to as Miller Fisher syndrome.

  • There are different types of Guillain-Barré syndrome, which include acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and immune mediated neuropathies such as Miller Fisher syndrome (IFSN).
  • When it comes to treating GBS symptoms, there’s no cure, but treatment is aimed at suppressing your immune system and preventing further nerve damage, according to International Business Times.

What is Guillain-Barré syndrome?

Jenna Jameson Diagnosed with Rare and Serious Guillain-Barré Syndrome
What is Guillain-Barré syndrome?

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare disorder in which your body’s immune system attacks your peripheral nervous system.

  • This causes muscle weakness or paralysis, often starting in your feet and hands. If you have GBS, your immune system may have confused your nerves for something foreign or harmful, such as bacteria or a virus.
  • It's possible that you could get GBS if you've been infected with Campylobacter jejuni—more commonly known as C. jejuni—or an influenza A infection, like swine flu or avian flu.
  • Also called acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), Guillain-Barré syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which your white blood cells attack your nerve cells resulting in muscle weakness and loss of feeling that can progress to paralysis over time.

Who gets it?

Fewer than 3,000 people are diagnosed each year. It is most common in adults 50 years of age or older, and it affects males twice as often as females.

  • There are three main types of GBS: Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (also called acute idiopathic polyneuritis), acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN), and acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN).
  • Type I accounts for about 40 percent of all cases. Some research suggests that people with type II may be more likely to have their symptoms start in their legs.
  • People who have a family history of any autoimmune disease such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis might be at increased risk. There is no way to prevent GBS, but its onset can be delayed by up to one year if you receive a vaccination after being exposed to what causes it.

What are the symptoms?

It's important to note that not all people experience symptoms of GBS.

  1. There is a wide range of symptoms you can experience, from mild to severe.The most common include muscle weakness or tingling in your legs (most often), numbness in your feet, hands, face or tongue, double vision and trouble swallowing.
  2. In some cases, muscle weakness leads to partial paralysis. Complications can occur if certain parts of your body, like your diaphragm, are affected.
  3. This can cause breathing difficulties and potentially even lead to respiratory failure—which is one reason why it’s so important to seek immediate medical attention for any case of suspected GBS.

How long does GBS last?

According to Mayo Clinic, Guillain-Barré syndrome is a temporary condition that often resolves within four to six weeks. But how long it lasts really depends on individual circumstances.

For instance, about 10 percent of people who have GBS experience residual weakness in their arms or legs for more than a year after recovery. And in some cases, peripheral neuropathy (damage to nerves outside of your brain and spinal cord) can persist for years or even become permanent if not treated immediately with immunoglobulin therapy.

What are treatment options?

Treatment options for GBS include taking anti-inflammatory medication, such as prednisone or steroids, to relieve nerve pain; using intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to help fight off infection; having a plasma exchange transfusion to remove antibodies from your blood; and undergoing surgery if you experience muscle weakness on one side of your body. For milder cases, treatment may not be necessary at all—some people with GBS recover fully in a matter of weeks. Doctors will continue to monitor your condition over time.

How can I prevent it?

If you have recently been infected with a viral or bacterial infection, then chances are that your immune system is weakened, which means that you’re at an increased risk of developing Guillain-Barré syndrome. However, there are several other factors that can contribute to GBS.

Autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus type 1 have also been linked to GBS. A family history of autoimmune disorders is also linked to a higher chance of getting GBS; it tends to be hereditary in around 15 percent of cases. This isn’t always the case though – after all, if someone else in your family has an autoimmune disorder, it doesn’t mean that you will definitely get one too.

SOURCE : Yasoquiz

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